The Penguin X Mini Edition GNU / Linux Desktop Documentation

In order to utilize the Penguin X Mini Edition desktop with older releases you'll need to upgrade the kernel.

On Linux Mint you will need the LTS enablement kernel:

sudo apt install linux-image-generic-hwe-20.04-edge && sudo reboot 0

On Debian you will need to install a kernel from backports:

Use to re-install (select the graphical install option).

After install:

1. Add below line to /etc/apt/sources.list

deb bullseye-backports main

2. Run the following commands to install the latest kernel from backports:

sudo apt update
sudo apt upgrade
sudo apt install linux-image-amd64 -t bullseye-backports

Note: You may need to boot from a supported distribution first (like Ubuntu 22.04) after install and chroot in to install the backported kernel.

Here are simple steps on how to chroot into a Debian install from Ubuntu 22.04. In this example we do not install a new version of Debian in chroot environment but we use the existing installation. Let’s create directory for a chroot environment:

Make directory

# mkdir -p /mnt/chroot

First we need to mount a partition with existing Debian installation. In our case a / partition of existing installation is /dev/hdb1 .

# mount /dev/hdb1 /mnt/chroot

Next we need to bind hardware with new chroot environment. The next commands will make sure that connected hardware works otherwise update-grub may not function properly.

# mount -o bind /proc /mnt/chroot/proc
# mount -o bind /proc /mnt/chroot/dev

Now we are ready to enter chroot environment


# chroot /mnt/chroot